Acta Scientiarum Socialium 2023-02-10T16:25:41+00:00 Dr. Molnár Gábor, PhD Open Journal Systems <p>Acta scientiarum socialium : historia, philosophia, sociologia = Társadalomtudományi tanulmányok<br />ISSN 1418-7191 (Nyomtatott)<br />A folyóirat humán és társadalomtudományok, elsősorban a történelemtudomány, a neveléstudomány és a gazdaságtudományok területéről jelentet meg tematikus számokat.<br />Alapítva 1998-ban a Kaposvári Egyetem jogelőd intézményében a Pannon Agrártudományi Egyetem Kaposvári Kar Társadalomtudományi Tanszékén.</p> A jövő emberi erőforrás menedzsmentjének egyik fontos technikája: a kilépési interjú 2022-12-13T15:23:20+00:00 Enikő Turcsányi <p>From the birth of human resource management (in middle of 18<sup>th</sup> century) to the end of 20<sup>th</sup> century, human resource management functions appeared one after the other. These are the traditional functions. Nowadays beside these traditional functions, novel activity areas have appeared or become appreciated such as knowledge-, retention-, generation-, competence-, talent-, and diversity management. Moreover, we may notice the focus on HR/employer branding, health promotion and HR controlling, and, on international level, we may meet work flow management as well. The objective of our study is to survey one of these functions, the exit interview.</p> 2022-07-31T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Turcsányi Enikő Die Tätigkeit der „Gödöllőer Berufsberatungsschule“ und ihre Auswirkungen auf das pädagogische Programm der Schulen in der Region 2022-12-13T17:53:56+00:00 Miklós Kenderfi Dóra Kolta <p>This study summarises the development of the “Gödöllő Career Guidance School” from its beginnings until today. The study is based on the documents and teaching materials available at the university. We describe both the milestones in the development of the school and the intellectual products created there, and present the “Course for Teachers Preparing for the Career Guidance.”</p> <p>On the other hand, a document analysis was carried out to study the impact of the “Gödöllő Career Guidance School” on the pedagogical programme of the surrounding schools. We had hypothesised that there would be differences between the programmes of the nearby schools and those of the other institutions, and this hypothesis was confirmed. This is evidence of the positive impact of the university's teaching staff and the activities of the students educated here.</p> 2022-07-31T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Miklós Kenderfi, Dóra Kolta Relaxációs technikák alkalmazási lehetőségei középiskolásoknál 2022-12-13T19:31:43+00:00 István József <p>In these days, stress is the unfortunate concomitant of school life, concerning both teachers and students, and therefore making the education process more complicat-ed. <br />Stress effects and their consequences such as physical and mental strain and students' behavioral problems are serious stress factors for the participants of the educational system. That is the reason why it is suggested to use such a relaxing method which helps relieving them of their stress and problems. The method presented in the lecture could quickly and easily be fitted into a school class' everyday activities. In addition, this method doesn't only help dealing with stress but plays an important role in community development and may help facilitating the learning process.</p> 2022-07-31T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 József István Németh Antal Tragédia-rendezésének utópia-képei 2022-12-13T21:50:02+00:00 Erika N. Mandl <p>Németh Antal as a director reckoned the most exciting to direct dramas which were not written with a special purpose to be presented on stage. He said he had learnt the most during directing The Tragedy of Man about how the “plays of fancy” and the sphere of dreams could be set to the stage. In Németh’s experiments with different stage techniques those cases posed the biggest challenge where he had to exonerate the heavy materiality of the scenery. Such challenges were the staging of dream scenes and transcendent phenomena (e. g. ghosts) as well as the assisting of human internal discourse and struggle with different stage effects. This study attempts to reconstruct first of all the expressionist style of his directing from 1937.</p> 2022-07-31T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 N. Mandl Erika Harc az ukróniáért 2022-12-13T22:19:29+00:00 Áron Domokos <p>If history is written by the ‘victors’, are alternative account(s) of history written by ‘the defeated’? If historiography is conceived as the practice of “giving meaning to the meaningless” (Theodor Lessing), are we to assume that ‘alternative historiography’ or alternative accounts of history question the prevailing interpretation of history? Are uchronias (also known as alternative historical narratives, allohistories, parahistories, counterfactual histories and historiographic metafiction), especially ‘uchronic fiction’, in fact, only compensatory products of desire-driven thinking? As a matter of fact, it is not only the rather few contemporary Hungarian novels with alternative historical aspirations that are in an unfortunate position but contemporary Hungarian uchronic short stories as well. Of the nearly three hundred short stories submitted in 2014–2018 as candidates for the Péter Zsoldos Award, a national annual prize awarded for the best (published) Hungarian SF novel and short story in 2014–2018, there are only six uchronic pieces. It is with the help of these pieces of short fiction that I outline (1) the relationship between the philosophy of history and uchronia; (2) the (meta)taxonomies of uchronia; (3) the characteristics of those Hungarian short stories of this kind that are related to Hungary.</p> 2022-07-31T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Domokos Áron A természeti létezők tipológiája Arisztotelésznél. Első rész 2023-02-10T11:03:12+00:00 Gábor Molnár <p>The first part of the paper (appearing here) examines the typology Aristotle proposes as the extension of the term “things that exist by nature” in <em>Physics</em> B.1 and compares it to passages containing similar typologies in the Aristotelian corpus, most importantly <em>Metaphysics</em> D.8, Z.2, H.1, <em>De Caelo</em> G.1, and <em>Meteorology</em> A.1. The comparative analysis shows that – even though Aristotle introduces the lists in different philosophical contexts and one can find several instances of discord between them – there is a remarkable coherence between his verbal definitions of what exactly the items are the subtypes of. Part Two (appearing in the next issue) will first show that the structuring principles behind the lists can be ordered into a series developed rather consistently according to the same blueprint. After comparing this virtual series with what we can say about the chronological order of Aristotle’s works, the paper will attempt to explain the structural coherence by analysing the interplay between Aristotle’s concepts of nature and of substance and go on to discuss, from this angle, Aristotle’s revisionist treatment of the items on the lists one by one: the elements, inanimate natural objects, living beings and their parts, celestial bodies, and the heaven. Based on the findings, at the end of the paper a cautious attempt is made at an interpretation of the Aristotelian concepts of nature and substance in terms of the sociology of knowledge.</p> 2022-07-31T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Molnár Gábor Magyar ukróniák, ukronikus és ukróniával érintkező fikciós SF-szövegek bibliográfiája (1930–2021) 2023-02-10T16:25:41+00:00 Áron Domokos 2022-07-31T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Domokos Áron