Acta Scientiarum Socialium 2018-08-29T12:43:49+00:00 Dr. Molnár Gábor, PhD Open Journal Systems <p>A folyóirat humán és társadalomtudományok, elsősorban a történelemtudomány, a neveléstudomány és a gazdaságtudományok területéről jelentet meg tematikus számokat.</p> Tartalom 2018-08-29T12:41:35+00:00 Gábor Molnár <p>-</p> 2018-08-29T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Munkát végző leánygyermekek ábrázolása Koszta József festészetében 2018-08-29T12:43:49+00:00 Renátó Támba <p><strong>Depicting Working Girls in József Koszta’s Paintings</strong></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>In the paper I analyze some pieces of József Koszta's paintings, which depict peasant girls. My goal is to analyse the idea of the child in a rural society in an archaic state; I strive to create parallels between the ethnography and the history of childhood concepts. I try to make my thesis more sophisticated by using the methods of iconography and iconology (Erwin Panofsky). I consider the aspects of the content-description, the composition analysis, the pedagogical anthropology and the history of the idea of the child in order to make conclusions with regard the idea of the child. Koszta was a master of creating melancholical atmosphere and he expressed his own world by his paintings (he was a representative of expressive realism). His paintings depict hard rural life and the lifestyle of peasants at that time, therefore his paintings don't show the joyful moments of childhood, but he present the aspects and motives which make children and become quiet and resigned women.</p> <p><strong>&nbsp;</strong></p> <p><strong>Keywords</strong>: idea of the child, depicting of the ideal girl, the order of peasants’ life, the iconography of the history of childhood, József Koszta</p> 2018-05-30T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Női vezetők a Dél-Dunántúlon 2018-08-29T12:39:37+00:00 Gabriella Póra Zsolt Kűmüves Viktória Hortváthné Petrás <div>Female Managers in South Transdanubia<br><br>In the last one hundred years women’s life has changed radically both in Hungary and worldwide. Comparing to earlier historical periods their life has become more open. The traditional outlook on women’s tasks as including only the upbringing of the children and the care of the family and the household has been relegated to the background. Women have discov-ered that they can achieve as much as men. They can perform successfully at the same universities, and meet the same requirements in other spheres of social life, as those who belong to the “stronger” gender. Today more and more research proves that in certain managerial qualities like empathy, situation awareness, conflict management, women perform better than male managers. In our research we wanted to know how a female manager can cope with her tasks in the 21th century. We paid special attention to exploring the personal features of female managers and their position in the workplace. We examined the career versus family problem, whether “singleton lifestyle” can be considered as an advantage if a woman wants to be a manager as well as other factors influencing the female managers’ position in the labour market. We also investigated what factors influence conflict management, motivation and what factors are important to perform successfully in their everyday work. In order to achieve our objective, we carried out a questionnaire survey asking 160 female managers at basic, middle, and top level in Hungary’s South Transdanubian region.<br><br>Keywords: manager, career, motivation, conflict management</div> 2017-05-29T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Egy írónő ürügyén 2018-08-29T12:40:49+00:00 Anita Belovári <p>Apropos of a Female Author. Women’s Self-Sufficiency Strategies<br>Against the Subsistence Crisis of the Hungarian Gentry Middle Class at the Turn<br>of 19th and 20th Century. In Hungary the first few decades of the 20th century were<br>a period of great importance for the emancipation of women. Whereas women in general<br>had more and more opportunities to work, their social status greatly affected the<br>freedom they could enjoy in different spheres of social life. Based on the autobiography<br>of renowned female author Júlia M. Hrabovszky, the paper analyses the way<br>women of conservative gentle middle class origin could create a financial background<br>that gave them security.<br>Keywords women’s history, social and cultural history of Hungary, conservative<br>feminism, Júlia M. Hrabovszky</p> 2017-05-29T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Már nem divat a házasság?! avagy egy modern meseátirat üzenete mai lányoknak 2018-08-29T12:41:06+00:00 Erzsébet Kopházi-Molnár <p>Marriage Is Not Fashionable Today Any More!&nbsp;<br>Or the Message of a Modern Re-written Tale for the Girls of Today<br><br>It is quite common to produce re-written tales for children nowadays. The aim of the present study is to examine one of the types of these modern stories, namely the so-called ’hypercorrected’ one through the stories entitled The Frog Prince and Iron Henry and its modern version, The Frog Prince. Both of them have some elements in common, but the latter one lacks several important moments, like the father figure represented by the king, the magic transformation of the frog into a charming prince and the fact of his being cursed. We highlight the possible consequences of a tale like the modern one and look for the reason for publishing and buying a re-written version similar to this one. To reveal them we turn to the method of V. J. Propp, the Russian tale researcher as well as to psychologists and sociologists who deal with the problem of growing up, mating and the different generations of today. We also would like to find the answer to the question if friendship could be an alternative of a mature love relationship between a man and a woman.<br><br>Keywords: modern fairy tales, hypercorrection, maturity, mating, friendship</p> 2017-05-29T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Nők munkaerő-piaci aktivitása a gyermekvállalást követő években 2018-08-29T12:41:14+00:00 Diána Koponicsné Györke Rita Koroseczné Pavlin Róbert Barna <p>Labour Market Activity of Women in the Years After Their Childbirth<br><br>For a woman one of the most important question after the birth of her child is whether to return to the labour market or not, and if so, when. Naturally there are several types of pros and cons to consider before the decision. In our study we analyse the economic incentives provided by the Hungarian maternity transfer system. First we introduce the factors influencing labour supply in general. After that we describe the different types of maternity transfers in our country. Based on the data of OEP (National Health Insurance Fund in Hungary) we analyse the attitude of women in Hungary. Last but not least we try to draw conclusions and formulate recommendations in order to improve the labour supply of women.&nbsp;<br><br>Keywords: women’s labour supply, maternity transfers, disposable income, social policy tools</p> 2017-05-29T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Nők és helyzetük az iszlám világában 2018-08-29T12:43:08+00:00 Judit Balázs <div>Women and Their Position in the Islamic World<br><br>In the European culture a lot of misbeliefs prevail about Islam and especially about the place and situation of women in the Islamic world. According to one such opinion, the woman is only a source of pleasure; in another opinion, they are soulless objects and their only function is to work for the family. The present study is an attempt to highlight this duality and to create an objective picture. The main areas of the research are marriage, sexual life, the right to work (or the lack thereof), family life, and child care. In this analysis the author tries to explain and interpret institutions, facts and situations in the Islamic word which are hard to understand for Europeans, for example polygamy. A compari-son is made between the positions of the Arabic and the Turkish women. The study also indicates that the interpretation and implementation of Islamic law differs from country to country in spite of the fact that the Islamic world is held as a homogenous, uniform one. However, many compulsory living habits are ascribed to Islam, although these “legal regulations” are not even mentioned in the Islamic holy book the Quran.<br><br>Keywords: women's rights, marriage, sexuality, prostitution, regulations of the Quran</div> 2017-05-29T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement##